The Royal Navy's most modern warships are to be fitted with new engines because they keep breaking down.
In an email seen by the BBC, a serving Royal Navy officer wrote that "total electric failures are common" on its fleet of six £1bn Type 45 destroyers.
The Ministry of Defence said there were reliability issues with the propulsion system and work to fix it would be done to ensure "ships remain available".
One Royal Navy officer said the cost could reach tens of millions of pounds.
In a statement, the MoD told the BBC that to "address some reliability issues" it was considering options to "upgrade the ships' diesel generators to add greater resilience to the power and the propulsion system" Looks like even more cuts to the Health and Education Departments coming soon.
Name: HMS Camperdown
Namesake: Admiral Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan of Camperdown
Builder: Portsmouth Dockyard
Laid down: 18 December 1882
Launched: 24 November 1885
Completed: July 1889
Fate: Sold 1911; broken up
Class & type: Admiral-class battleship
Displacement: 10,600 long tons (10,800 t)
Length: 330 ft (100 m)
Beam: 68 ft 6 in (20.88 m)
Draught: 27 ft 3 in (8.31 m) maximum
Installed power: • 7,500 ihp (5,600 kW) (normal)
• 11,500 ihp (8,600 kW) (forced draught)
Propulsion: • 2 × Maudslay compound inverted steam engines
• 2 × screws
Speed: 17.1 kn (19.7 mph; 31.7 km/h) (forced draught)
Armament: • 4 × BL 13.5 in (340 mm) guns
• 4 × BL 6 in (150 mm) guns
• 12 × QF 6-pounder Nordenfelt guns
• 10 × 3-pounder quick-firing guns
• 5 × above-water torpedo tubes
Armour: • Belt: 18 in (46 cm) (upper strake); 8 in (20 cm) (lower strake)
• Bulkheads: 7–16 in (178–406 mm)
• Barbettes: 10–11.5 in (25–29 cm)
• Conning Tower: 2–12 in (5.1–30.5 cm)
• Battery Screens: 6 in (15 cm)
• Deck: 2.5–3 in (6.4–7.6 cm) (upper); 2.5 in (6.4 cm) (lower)
HMS Camperdown was an Admiral-class battleship of the Royal Navy, named after Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan of Camperdown.
She was a full sister to Anson, and was an improved version of the earlier Howe and Rodney. In comparison to these earlier ships, she had an increased thickness of barbette armour, and a lengthened armour belt. The extra armour carried increased the displacement by 350 long tons (360 t); in order not to increase the draught, she was lengthened by 5 ft (1.5 m) and was given 6 in (15 cm) more beam.
The 13.5 in (340 mm) guns were carried in two pairs, in barbettes positioned on the centre-line at either end of the superstructure. They were carried at a height of 20 ft (6.1 m) above the full-load water-line, and possessed firing arcs of some 270°. Each shell weighed 1,250 lb (570 kg), and would penetrate 27 in (69 cm) of iron at a range of 1,000 yd (910 m).
December 1889 she was posted to the Mediterranean Fleet as flagship, where she remained until being posted as flagship of the Channel Fleet in May 1890. She was paid off in May 1892 into Fleet reserve, recommissioning in July 1892 into the Mediterranean Fleet. On 22 June 1893, she collided with and sank the battleship Victoria with 358 deaths, including Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon. In September 1899, she went into Category B reserve, and in May 1900 into Dockyard reserve. In July 1900 she commissioned as a coast guard ship at Lough Swilly until May 1903. During early Summer (April to June) 1902 she visited Portsmouth for repairs to her steam capstan. After paying off in 1903, she was in reserve at Chatham until 1908, and was employed at Harwich as a berthing ship for submarines until she was sold in 1911.
• Captain A. C. Corry - in March 1901
• Commander H. N. Rolfe - 1901
• Captain H. A. W. Onslow - early 1902 History-copy
There is a Statue and a Public Park in Dundee named for Duncan and the Battle of Camperdown.